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The Johari Window Model

Johari Window is not a Rajasthani window model. It is, in fact, a combination of the names Joe Luft and Harry Ingham. They were studying human personality at the University of California in the 1950's when they formulated the Johari Window. It is a tool that is used to help people’s interpersonal communication and relationships in a more comprehensive manner. The Johari window measures the expression of a personality rather than the personality itself. It is mostly used in self-help communities and also in corporate settings as a heuristic exercise.

The Johari window is a four paned "window," each pane being divided into four different types of personality awareness. This is represented in four quadrants: open, hidden, blind, and unknown. The lines that divide the four panes are similar to the window shades which are prone to move as interaction progresses.

As part of the exercise, a person is given a list of 55 adjectives. He has to then pick five or six adjectives that he thinks best describes his own personality. Peers of this person are given the same list, and each of them picks five or six adjectives that, in turn, describe the same person (subject). These adjectives are mapped onto a grid.

The adjectives that are known to the participant as well as his peers are put in the Open quadrant. The adjectives that are selected by the participant, but those which have not been chosen by any of the peers, are put in the Facade or the hidden quadrant. These are the private aspects of the personality. The participant is given the choice to disclose or hide these details.

Those adjectives that have not been selected by the participant but only by the peers are placed into the Blind quadrant. This is a description of how the public perceives us as even if we are unaware of it. The Unknown quadrant contains the adjectives that neither the participant nor the peer is aware of. These are the traits that we do not know exist in us.

A Johari Window consists of 55 adjectives used to describe the participant, in alphabetical order:

* able
* accepting
* adaptable
* bold
* brave
* calm
* caring
* cheerful
* clever
* complex
* confident

* dependable
* dignified
* energetic
* extroverted
* friendly
* giving
* happy
* helpful
* idealistic
* independent
* ingenious

* intelligent
* introverted
* kind
* knowledgeable
* logical
* loving
* mature
* modest
* nervous
* observant
* organised

* patient
* powerful
* proud
* quiet
* reflective
* relaxed
* religious
* responsive
* searching
* self-assertive
* self-conscious

* sensible
* sentimental
* shy
* silly
* spontaneous
* sympathetic
* tense
* trustworthy
* warm
* wise
* witty

After the window is drawn, the balance of adjectives in each of the quadrants is drawn in order to determine the fundamental personality traits of a person. The Open – Receptive person has most traits in the public or known quadrant. This person has a clear self image. The Pumper is a person who has most traits in the Hidden quadrant. He is a typical game player who is usually resented by colleagues. The hermit is someone who has most traits in the Unknown quadrant. This is a person one cannot figure out. The Blabbermouth is the person who talks but does not listen. This person has most traits in the blind spots area.

The Johari window is a method to learn more about oneself as well as a tool for the managers to understand their employees better.

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Posted: 19/02/2011 05:00:24


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